Having bad credit can make it more difficult to get a business loan from mainstream lenders such as banks. Fortunately, there are ways to repair your bad credit – and improve your credit score – to make it easier to obtain finance in the future.
Read on to find out more.
Why your business might have bad credit
Having bad credit means that your business’s credit score is low enough that lenders see a risk in lending you money.
Your credit score (also called your credit rating) is a number that indicates how creditworthy your business is, as guided by its credit history.
The higher your score, the greater the chance you’ll be approved for a business loan. You might also benefit from better rates, higher credit limits, and a wider range of options.
Reasons for bad credit
A lender might see your business as having bad credit if, for example, you’ve:
- missed or been late with credit repayments
- defaulted on a credit agreement
- exceeded your existing credit limit
- had county court judgments (CCJs) made against you
- declared bankruptcy or insolvency
- liquidated (wound up) a previous company
Securing a loan for your business might also be difficult if your senior managers:
- have a personal history of individual voluntary arrangements (IVAs) or debt management plans, or
- have been associated with other failing businesses
What happens when you apply for credit
Whenever your business applies for any kind of credit – a loan, a credit card, a mortgage or vehicle finance, for example – the lender requests your credit report from a credit reference agency (CRA).
CRAs are organisations that maintain information about the credit you’ve held and/or applied for over time.
Lenders use that information to decide whether to grant you credit and, if so, how much and on what terms.
In the UK, the three main CRAs are Experian, TransUnion and Equifax. They collect data on your business’s credit history and put it into a credit report that they update every month and hold for six years.
They look at public data about your company to determine its net worth and whether it holds a healthy amount of cash.
The CRAs have numerical scales (for example, 0–999 or 0–700) that they use to give your business a credit score. They typically group scores into categories such as excellent, good, fair, poor and very poor.
How to find your credit score
Before you apply for credit, first check your credit score with all three credit reference agencies.
If your business credit score is poor, it’s vital you know about it. Otherwise, you could face disappointment if you apply for credit and are turned down. This could leave you unable to:
- invest money in your business
- weather a short-term cashflow issue
- obtain credit with a new supplier
Checking your credit score is usually free of charge, although you may have to pay to access your full credit report, as explained below.
- Experian’s My Business Profile includes a free three-month trial, after which you pay a monthly fee of £24.99 (plus VAT) to access your full business credit report and credit score.
- Equifax offers a free 30-day trial, after which you pay £7.95 per month to see your full credit report.
- There are other service providers, such as checkmyfile, which claims to offer the UK’s only multi-agency credit report. Its report includes information from all three UK CRAs and is free to use for 30 days, then £14.99 a month.
For more information about checking credit scores and reports, visit the Money Advice Service website.
Loans for businesses with bad credit
If your business has a bad credit score, you may struggle to borrow money from traditional lenders such as banks. If a lender does grant you credit, it may give you less than you want and/or charge more in fees and interest.
Instead, you may need to look for a bad credit business loan. A number of lenders now offer these loans, especially to businesses that have a good turnover or valuable assets.
The terms of these loans, and their eligibility criteria, do vary. Also keep in mind that the interest and fees can be significantly greater than a standard loan. That said, they can be a useful option if your business (or you personally) has a poor credit score.
How to get a bad credit business loan
If you choose to go for a bad credit business loan, identify the best options available to you and find out exactly how much you’ll have to repay.
When you know the annual percentage rate (APR) of each bad credit business loan you’re offered, you can properly compare the costs of borrowing. Factor in all costs, fees and interest.
Importantly, before you apply for a bad credit business loan, you should seek advice from an accountant. They will be able to give you a full idea of the cost of the loan and the impact it will have on your cashflow.
Some bad credit business loans require borrowers to have a guarantor. Others don’t, but these are typically more expensive. Having a good turnover or valuable business assets can make it easier to get a bad credit business loan.
Other sources of funding for businesses with bad credit
If your business has bad credit and isn’t able to get a business loan, there are other funding options available.
Start Up Loan
If you’re starting a business – which means you have no prior trading history – you may be able to get a Start Up Loan.
If you apply, you will undergo a credit check. You won’t be eligible for a Start Up Loan if you:
- are bankrupt or in the process of filing for bankruptcy
- are on a debt relief order
- have an outstanding individual voluntary arrangement (IVA) or trust deed
- are on a debt management plan or debt arrangement scheme
If your business owns assets such as commercial property, vehicles, machinery, equipment or technology, you can obtain a business loan secured against these.
Secured loans are often cheaper than other bad credit business loans as there is less risk for the lender.
In most cases, a guarantor is a family member or friend who is happy to assume responsibility for your loan should you be unable to make the repayments.
With the support of a guarantor, you may be able to borrow up to £10,000.
The Government helps new and small businesses with funding without any expectation of repayment so bad credit isn’t a problem.
Government grants come in many forms, from cash to free equipment. The Government’s website GOV.UK provides details of the grants currently available to small businesses.
Keep in mind that applying for a grant can be a time-consuming and complex process, and there may be restrictions on how you can use the money.
Business cash advance
A lender may be prepared to lend you money on the expectation that repayment comes directly from future sales.
As this effectively sells future sales to the lender at a discount, a bad credit score won’t count against you as it would with a traditional loan.
If you’re a start-up or small business looking for working capital, one option is to raise money from a number of lenders who each contribute relatively small amounts. This is known as equity crowdfunding.
Lenders contribute knowing their money won’t likely be repaid. However, as investors, they do have equity in your business.
For other sources of finance aimed at businesses with credit issues, visit the Alternative Business Funding website.